Why does female pattern baldness occur?

Female pattern baldness or alopecia in females is the most frequently occurring hair loss type encountered among women. The number of cases is so high that it suggests probably two out of three women encounter this problem. Each strand of hair sits in a tiny hole in the skin called a follicle. In general, baldness occurs when the hair follicle shrinks over time, resulting in shorter and finer hair. Eventually, the follicle does not grow new hair. The follicles remain alive, which suggests that it is still possible to grow new hair. The reason for female pattern baldness Treatment in Bhubaneswar is not well understood, but may be related to are as follows –

  • Aging is one of the common reasons for female pattern baldness.
  • Changes in the levels of androgens (hormones that can stimulate male features).
  • Family history of male or female pattern baldness.
  • Heavy loss of blood during menstrual periods.
  • Certain medicines, such as estrogenic oral contraceptives. 


Symptoms are important to be detected and it is fairly easy with the right knowledge to determine the symptoms of this problem. Moreover, if it is diagnosed in its early stage there is a huge possibility to treat them and prevent potential further hair loss. Hair thinning is different from that of male pattern baldness. The following are some symptoms of female pattern baldness –

  • The majority of hair thinning takes place on the top and crown of the scalp. It usually starts with a widening through the center hair part. This pattern of hair loss is known as the Christmas tree pattern.
  • The front hairline remains unaffected except for normal recession, which happens to everyone as time passes.
  • The chances of hair fall leading to complete baldness are very rare which is not so in the case of men. 
  • If the cause is increased androgens, the hair on the head is thinner while the hair on the face is coarser.


Untreated, hair loss in female pattern baldness is permanent. In most cases, hair loss is mild to moderate. You do not need treatment if you are comfortable with your appearance. The only medicine approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to treat female pattern baldness is minoxidil and the following are steps to keep in mind before using it – 

  • It is applied to the scalp.
  • For women, the 2% solution or 5% foam is recommended.
  • Minoxidil may help hair grow in about 1 in 4 or 5 women. In most women, it may slow or stop hair loss.
  • You must continue to use this medicine for a long time. Hair loss starts again when you stop using it. Also, the hair that it helps grow will fall out.
  • If minoxidil does not work, your provider may recommend other medicines, such as spironolactone, cimetidine, birth control pills, and ketoconazole, among others. Your provider can tell you more about these if needed.

Hair transplant

Hair transplant surgery can also be one of the methods to deal with this situation. Here are some points which can help you determine the cases when hair transplant can be chosen as a solution

  • Who does not respond well to medical treatment
  • With no significant cosmetic improvement
  • During a hair transplant, tiny plugs of hair are removed from areas where hair is thicker and placed (transplanted) in balding areas. Minor scarring may occur where hair is removed.

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